ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืœืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช - ืกื•ื’ื™, ื’ื•ืจื, ืกื™ืžื ื™ื ื•ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ

ืชื•ื›ืŸ:

ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืงืจืื• ื•ืฉืžืขื• ืขืœ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืœื ื›ื•ืœื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืžื” ื’ื•ืจื ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื. ืœื“ืขืช ืื™ืš ืœื ืชื— ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉืœืš ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืกื‘ืœ ืžื”ื‘ืขื™ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ืœืš ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื”ื ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ื‘ื–ืžืŸ!

ืชืคื™ืกืช ืฆื‘ืข ื”ื™ื ืžืฉื”ื• ืฉืจื‘ื™ื ืœื•ืงื—ื™ื ื›ืžื•ื‘ืŸ ืžืืœื™ื•. ื”ื™ื›ื•ืœืช ืœืจืื•ืช ื•ืœื”ืขืจื™ืš ืืช ื–ื” ืจืง ืขื•ืฉื” ืืช ื”ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื” ืžื•ืคื™ืขื™ื ื›ืœ ื™ืคื” ื™ื•ืชืจ. ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ืขื ื–ืืช, ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืฉื™ืžื” ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื ืื™ื ื ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืฆื‘ืข ื›ืžื• ื”ืื“ื ื”ืžืžื•ืฆืข ืขื•ืฉื”. ื”ื‘ื ืช ื”ืžืฉืžืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืš ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื™ืœื“ืš ืœื—ื™ื•ืช ืืช ื”ื—ื™ื™ื ืขื ืคื—ื•ืช ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช.

ืžื”ื™ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื?

ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื, ื”ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื ื—ื•ืกืจ ืจืื™ื™ืช ืฆื‘ืข, ื”ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื” ืฉื‘ื” ื™ืœื“ ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืฆื™ื’ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื ื ืจืื™ื ื‘ืืžืช. ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื”ืกื•ื‘ืœื™ื ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืข ื™ืฉ ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืข ืžื“ื™. ื”ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื•ื ื‘ื•ืœื˜ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื™ืœื“ ืžื•ืฆื’ ืขื ืื“ื•ื, ื›ื—ื•ืœ ื•ื™ืจื•ืง ืฆื‘ืขื™ื.

1. ื’ื•ืจื ืœืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื

ื”ืจืฉืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ืช ืžืฉื ื™ ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชืื™ื - ืžื•ื˜ื•ืช ื•ืืฆื˜ืจื•ื‘ืœื™ื. ืžื•ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื ืื—ืจืื™ื ืขืœ ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ ื”ืื•ืจ ื•ืื™ืœื• ืงื•ื ื•ืกื™ื ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืฆื‘ืข. ื™ืฉื ื ืฉืœื•ืฉื” ืกื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœ ืงื•ื ื•ืกื™ื ื‘ืขื™ืŸ, ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืื“ื•ื, ื›ื—ื•ืœ ื•ื™ืจื•ืง. ื”ืขื“ืจ ืื—ื“ ืื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ืงื•ื ื•ืกื™ื ืืœื” ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื. ืžื—ืงืจื™ื ื”ืจืื• ื›ื™ ื”ืžืฆื‘ ื”ื•ื ื’ื ื˜ื™.

2. ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืขื™ื•ื•ืจ ืฆื‘ืข

  • ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื”ืœื ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื ื‘ืขืช ื”ืฆื™ื•ืจ ืื• ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืกืคืจื™ ืฆื‘ื™ืขื”? ื“ื•ื’ืžื” - ืขืœื™ื ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื’ื‘ืขื•ืœ ื›ืชื•ื ื™ืจื•ืง, ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื—ื•ื, ื•ื›ื• '.
  • ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ืžืชืงืฉื” ืขื ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืจื•ืื™ื ืื• ืขื•ื‘ื“ ื‘ืื•ืจ ื ืžื•ืš?
  • ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ืžืชืœื•ื ืŸ ืขืœ ื›ืื‘ ืจืืฉ ืื• ื›ืื‘ ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื›ืืฉืจ ืžื‘ื™ื˜ื™ื ื‘ืื“ื•ื ืขืœ ืจืงืข ื™ืจื•ืง ืื• ื™ืจื•ืง ื ื’ื“ ืื“ื•ื?
  • ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ืœื ื ื•ื— ืขื ืฆื‘ื™ืขื” ืกืคืจื™ื ืื• ื’ื™ืœื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืขืœ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื?
  • ื”ืื ื™ืฉ ืœื• ืจืื™ื™ืช ืœื™ืœื” ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ืžืื•ื“ ืื• ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืœืื•ืจ ืคื—ื•ืช?
  • ื”ืื ื”ื•ื ืžื–ื™ื– ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืืช ืขื™ื ื™ื• ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืœื ืžื•ื“ืข?

3. ืกื•ื’ื™ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืข ืืฆืœ ืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช - ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืฉืจ ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉืœืš ื™ืฉ ืื—ื“ ืžืืœื”

    ื‘ืขื™ื” ืขื ืœืจืื•ืช ืื“ื•ื, ื™ืจื•ืง ื•ื›ื—ื•ืœ

ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ื ืงืจื Trichromacy ืื ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ืžืชืจื—ืฉืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื™ืฉ ื—ื•ืกืจ ื”ืชืืžื” ืงืœื” ืฉืœ ืงื•ื ื•ืกื™ื ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ ืฆื‘ืข ื‘ืจืฉืชื™ืช. ื–ื” ืžืกื•ื•ื’ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื›ืžื• ืคืจื•ื˜ื ื•ืžืœื™, deuteranomaly ื• tritanomaly. ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืžื•ืคื—ืชืช ืœืฆื‘ืข ืื“ื•ื ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ืคืจื•ื˜ื ื•ืžืœื™ื” ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืžื•ืคื—ืชืช ืœื™ืจื•ืง ื’ื•ืจื ืœื“ื•ื˜ืจื™ื ื•ืžืœื™ื”. Tritanomaly ื ื’ืจืžืช ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ื™ืฉ ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ื ืžื•ื›ื” ืฆื‘ืข ื›ื—ื•ืœ.

ื”ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉืœืš ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ื“ืคื•ืกื™ื ื›ืœืฉื”ื ื‘ืชืžื•ื ื” ืœืžื˜ื”? ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขื ืจืื™ื™ื” ืจื’ื™ืœื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ืคืกื™ื ืฉืœ ื™ืจื•ืง, ืื“ื•ื ื•ื›ืชื•ื ื ื’ื“ ื›ื—ื•ืœ. ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขื ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื™ืื‘ืงื• ืœืžืฆื•ื ื“ืคื•ืกื™ื ืืœื”.

    ื‘ืขื™ื” ื”ื‘ื“ืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ืจื•ืง / ืื“ื•ื ื—ื•ื / ื›ืชื•ื

ื‘ืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื, ื”ื ืงืจื Dichromacy, ืื—ื“ ืงื•ื ืกื•ืจ ื’ืœืื™ ืฆื‘ืข ื—ืกืจ, ื•ื‘ื›ืš, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืืช ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืจื’ื™ืฉื” ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ื™ืœื“ ืฉืกื•ื‘ืœ ืžื“ื™ื›ืจื•ืžื™ื•ืช ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืงืฉื•ืช ืœื”ื‘ื—ื™ืŸ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื™ืจื•ืง ื•ืื“ื•ื, ื•ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœืขืจื‘ื‘ ื—ื•ื ื•ื›ืชื•ื.

    ืœืจืื•ืช ื”ื›ืœ ื‘ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื•ืœื‘ืŸ

ื™ื“ื•ืข ื’ื ื‘ืฉื ืื›ืจื•ืžื˜ื™ ืื• ืžื•ื ื•ื›ืจื•ืžื˜ื™, ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื–ื” ื ื’ืจื ื›ืืฉืจ ืฉื ื™ ืงื•ื ื•ืกื™ื ืฆื‘ืข ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื—ืกืจื™ื. ืคืขื•ื˜ ื”ืกื•ื‘ืœ ืžื”ืžืฆื‘ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ืืช ื”ืขื•ืœื ืจืง ื‘ื’ื•ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ืฉื—ื•ืจ ื•ืœื‘ืŸ. ื™ืœื“ ืขื ืžืฆื‘ ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœืจืื•ืช ื“ืคื•ืกื™ื / ืžืกืคืจื™ื ื‘ืฉืชื™ ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืœืขื™ืœ.

4. ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื

ืจื•ืคื ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื™ืขืจื•ืš ื›ืžื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืฉืจ ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืขื™ื•ื•ืจ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื. ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืืœื• ื“ื•ืžื•ืช ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืจื’ื™ืœื•ืช. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ื”ืจื•ืคื ืฉื•ืืœ ืืช ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉื ื”ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืื• ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืกืคืจื•ืช ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ื‘ืชื•ืš ื ืงื•ื“ื•ืช ืฆื‘ืขื•ื ื™ื•ืช. ื–ื” ื ืงืจื ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ืฆืœื—ืช Ishihara ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื.

5. ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ

ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืขื›ืฉื™ื•, ืื™ืŸ ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืœืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช. ืœืžืจื•ืช ื”ืจื•ืคืื™ื ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืžืฉืงืคื™ื™ื ื›ื”ื™ื ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืžื’ืข ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ืขื•ืฆืžืชื ืฉืœ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื, ื”ื ืœื ืžื•ืขื™ืœ ืžืื•ื“. ืขื ื–ืืช, ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžืชื‘ืฆืขื•ืช ืœื‘ื•ื ืขื ืชืจื•ืคื”. ื‘ื™ื ืชื™ื™ื, ืœืฉื‘ื— ืคืขื•ื˜ ืฉืœืš ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื•ื ืžื–ื”ื” ื ื›ื•ื ื” ืฆื‘ืข. ื›ื›ืœ ืฉื”ื•ื ื’ื“ืœ, ืœืงื ื•ืช ืขืคืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฆื‘ื™ืขื” ื•ืขื˜ื™ื. ืœืกืคืง ืœื• ืชืžื™ื›ื” ื—ื–ืงื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื—ื“ื™ืจ ืืžื•ืŸ ื‘ื•.

ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ืงื•ื“ื ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ื‘ื

ืืžื”ื•ืช ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช