๐Ÿคฐ ื’ื–ืข ืžื“ื”ื™ื ื•ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื - ืคืขื•ื˜(2019)

๐Ÿ”ฝืœืชืช ืœืคืขื•ื˜ ืฉืœืš ืœื”ื’ื“ื™ืจ ืœื’ื•๐Ÿ”ฝ

ืชื•ื›ืŸ:

ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”

  • ืžื‘ื˜ ืขืœ ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ื›ื™ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM ื‘ ืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช
  • ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืฆืขืฆื•ืข

ื™ืฉ ื”ืจื‘ื” ืคืขื™ืœื•ื™ื•ืช, ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื, ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ื•ืืคืœื™ืงืฆื™ื•ืช ื›ื™ ืฉื•ืืคื™ื ืœืขื•ืจืจ ืื”ื‘ื” ืฉืœ STEM ืืฆืœ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืžื›ื•ืจ. ื”ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ืœืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช ื•ืคืจื™ื˜ื™ื ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื”ื•ื ืฉื”ื ืขื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืœืคืชื— ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื•ืช ืœืžื“ืข ื•ืœื”ื ื“ืกื” ืฉื”ื ื‘ื”ื—ืœื˜ ื™ืฆื˜ืจื›ื• ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืขืชื™ื“.

ื›ื™ื•ื, ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื”ื ื”ืจื‘ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ื•ืœืชืช ื”ืจื‘ื” ืžื—ืฉื‘ื” ื‘ื—ื™ืจืช ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื. ืจื•ื‘ ืจื•ืฆื” ืœืชืช ืฆืขืฆื•ืข ืื• ืžืฉื—ืง ื”ืžืกื™ื™ืข ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืฉื”ื™. ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ื”ืžืืคืฉืจื™ื ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืœืขืฆื‘ ื•ืœื‘ื ื•ืช ืžืฉื”ื• ืœื ืจืง ื ื•ืชืŸ ืœื”ื ืชื—ื•ืฉื” ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืฉื’, ืืœื ื’ื ืžืกื™ื™ืข ืœืžืชื•ื— ืืช ื”ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื. ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื STEM ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื˜ืคื— ืืžื•ืŸ ืœืชื›ื ืŸ ื•ืœื‘ื ื•ืช, ื›ืžื• ื’ื ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ื”ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจืชื™ืช.

ืžื‘ื˜ ืขืœ ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ื›ื™ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM ื‘ ืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช

1. ืžื”ื ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM?

STEM ืžืชื™ื™ื—ืก ืœืžื“ืข, ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”, ื”ื ื“ืกื” ื•ืžืชืžื˜ื™ืงื” ื•ื”ื‘ื ื” ืื—ืช ื™ืฉ ืขืœื™ื”ื. ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืืœื” ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืžื”ื ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืขื ื™ื™ืŸ ื•ืœืขื•ื“ื“ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืœืขืกื•ืง ื‘ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช STEM. ื–ื” ื’ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืชืช ืœื”ื ื™ืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ืืœื” ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืกืคืจ ื•ืžืขื‘ืจ ืœื•. ืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช ื”ื ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ื™ื ื•ืœื•ืžื“ื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืชืฆืคื™ืช, ืžื’ืข, ืจื™ื— ื•ื”ืื–ื ื” ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ืกื‘ื™ื‘ื. ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ืขื ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ื‘ื”ื™ืจื™ื, ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืฉื•ื ื•ืช, ื•ืืœื” ืฉื”ื•ืคื›ื™ื ืฆืœื™ืœื™ื ืœืžืฉื•ืš ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ื”ืœื‘ ืฉืœื”ื. ื”ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื, ืื ื›ืŸ, ืœืฉืžืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืคืจ ืืช ื”ื—ื•ืฉื™ื ืฉืœื”ื.

2. ื›ื™ืฆื“ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจื›ื•ืฉ ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM?

ื›ืžื” ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ืœืžื™ื“ื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM ื‘ื™ืœื“ื™ื ื”ื:

1. ืœื’ื•

ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืœื’ื• ืื• ืื‘ื ื™ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื“ื•ืžื™ื ื”ื ื‘ื—ื™ืจื” ืคื•ืคื•ืœืจื™ืช ืžืื•ื“ ืขื ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืžื—ืคืฉื™ื ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ื”ืžืกื™ื™ืขื™ื ืœืคืชื— ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM ื‘ื™ืœื“ื™ื. ื”ื ืžืคืชื—ื™ื ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื•ืช, ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจื™ื ื›ื™ืฉื•ืจื™ ืงืจื™ืื” ื•ื›ืชื™ื‘ื” ืงืจื™ื˜ื™ื™ื, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืขื•ื–ืจื™ื ืœืœืžื“ ืฉืคื•ืช ืœืœื•ืžื“ื™ ืื ื’ืœื™ืช.

2. ืžืกื•ื“ืจ ืฆื•ืจื”

ืžื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ืฆื‘ืขื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื•ืฆื•ืจื•ืช ืžืœืžื“ ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขืœ ืฆื‘ืขื™ื, ืกื™ืžื˜ืจื™ื”, ืฆื•ืจื” ื•ื’ื•ื“ืœ. ืืœื” ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื STEM ืœืคืขื•ื˜ื•ืช ื’ื ืœืฉืคืจ ืชื™ืื•ื ืขื™ืŸ ื™ื“, IQ, ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ื˜ื•ืจื™ื•ืช ื•ื–ื™ื›ืจื•ืŸ.

3. ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืžืขืฅ

ืžืฉื—ืง ืขื ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืขืฅ ืœื ืจืง ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœื™ืœื“ ืขื ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืžืจื—ื‘ื™ื•ืช, ืื‘ืœ ืžืงื“ื ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช ืœืคืชืจื•ืŸ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื•ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืžืชืžื˜ื™ืช.

4. ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืฆืขื™ืจ

ืื“ืจื™ื›ืœ ืฆืขื™ืจ ื™ืฉ ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื—ื•ื–ืจ ื•ื”ื›ืœ ืขืฉื•ื™ ืžืจืืฉ ืœื—ืชื•ืš ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืกื˜ื ืกื™ืœื™ื ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืขืจื‘ื‘ ื• ืœื”ืชืื™ื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืžื•ื“ืœื™ื 3D.

5. ื˜ื›ื ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื”

ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื ื˜ืง ืžืชืžืฆื, ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™ื™ื ื”ื ื”ื“ืจืš ืœืœื›ืช. ื™ืฉ ืจืฉื™ืžื” ืืจื•ื›ื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ื•ืžื ื•ื™ื•ืช STEM-boosting ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื›ื•ืœืœ Crazy Gears, ืžืกืคืจื™ื ื”ืœื™ื’ื”, ืจื•ื‘ื•ื˜ ื‘ืžืคืขืœ ื‘ืื’ื™ื ื•ื‘ื•ืขื•ืช.

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืฆืขืฆื•ืข

ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืœื”ืฉืชืขืžื ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ืื‘ืœ ืœื ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ืขื ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ืฆืขืฆื•ืข. ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื STEM ื‘ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉืœ ื‘ืœื•ืงื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืžื•ืจ ืื•ืชื ืžื—ื•ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืžืฉืš ื–ืžืŸ ืจื‘ ืชื•ืš ืœืœืžื“ ืื•ืชื ืฉื™ืขื•ืจื™ื ื—ืฉื•ื‘ื™ื ื•ืขื™ื“ื•ื“ ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืžืฉืคื—ื”. ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื ืืœื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืฉื—ืง ื‘ืงืœื•ืช ื‘ืงื‘ื•ืฆื” ื•ื”ื ืืคื™ืœื• ืžืืชื’ืจ ืžืกืคื™ืง ื›ื“ื™ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืฉื™ื—ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืžื“ื™.

ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœื”, ืฆืขืฆื•ืขื™ื STEM ืจื‘ื™ื ื ื—ืฉื‘ื• ืœื‘ื ื™ื, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ื›ื‘ืจ ืœื ื”ืžืงืจื”. ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ืฆืขืฆื•ืข ื”ื—ืœื• ืœื™ื™ืฆืจ ืืคื™ืœื• ื™ื•ืชืจ ืžืฉื—ืงื™ื ื›ื“ื™ ืœืขืจืขืจ ืœืฉื ื™ ื”ืžื™ื ื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืžืฆื•ื ื—ื‘ืจื™ื LEGO (ืคืกื˜ืœ, ื‘ืœื•ืง ืžืžื•ืงื“ ืื•ืคื™ ืœื’ื•), ืขืจื›ื•ืช ื‘ื ื™ื™ื”, ื•ืืคื™ืœื• ืžื’ื” Bloks ื‘ืืจื‘ื™ (ืขืจื›ื•ืช ื ื•ืฉื ืœื‘ื ื™ื™ืŸ ื‘ืจื‘ื™) ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื ื•ืช ื ืžืฉื›ื™ื ืฆื‘ืขื™ื 'girly' ื•ืขืจื›ื•ืช ื ื•ืฉื.

ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ืงื•ื“ื ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ื‘ื

ืืžื”ื•ืช ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืชโ€ผ