๐Ÿคฐ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื ื•ื–ืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ - ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ(2019)

๐Ÿ”ฝื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ๐Ÿ”ฝ

ืชื•ื›ืŸ:

ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื”

  • ืžื”ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ืžื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ื›ืžื” ืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื•?
  • ืžื“ื•ืข ืื ืฉื™ื ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ืžืชื™ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ ืœืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ืžื”ื• ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ืื™ืš ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื‘ื—ืŸ?
  • ืžื” ื–ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ื›ืžื” ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?
  • ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืขืœ ืืžื ื•ืขื•ื‘ืจ
  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืœืขื•ืžืช CVS:
  • ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ

ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื—ื“ืฉื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ืœื›ืœ ืžืฉืคื—ื”. ื›ื•ืœื ืžืฉืชื•ืงืงื™ื ืœื™ืœื“ ื‘ืจื™ื, ื•ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื˜ืจื•ื ืœื™ื“ืชื™ ื”ืŸ ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืฉื˜ืจื ื ื•ืœื“ ืกื•ื‘ืœ ืžื›ืœ ืื ื•ืžืœื™ื” ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ืช. ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืื—ืช ื”ืžืกื™ื™ืขืช ื‘ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื›ืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื‘ืจ. ืจื•ืคื ืžืžืœื™ืฅ ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืขืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -15 ื•ื” -18 ืœื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ. ื”ื“ื™ื•ืง ืฉืœ ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื›ื–ื” ื”ื•ื upto 99.4%.

ืžื”ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ (ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื’ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื ื•ื–ืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ) ื”ื™ื ื”ืœื™ืš ื”ืžืชื‘ืฆืข ื‘ืื•ืคืŸ ืจืคื•ืื™, ื•ื”ื™ื ืžืฉืžืฉืช ืœืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ื˜ืจื•ื ืœื™ื“ืชื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžื™ื ื•ื“ืœืงื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื•ื›ืŸ ืœืงื‘ื™ืขืช ืžื™ืŸ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง. ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžืงื™ืฃ ื•ืžื’ืŸ ืขืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ. ื ื•ื–ืœ ื–ื” ืžื›ื™ืœ ืชืื™ื ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ืช ื•ื›ื™ืžื™ืงืœื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ื”ืžื™ื•ืฆืจื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง. ื‘ื”ืœื™ืš ื–ื”, ื ืœืงื— ืžื“ื’ื ืงื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ืžื›ื™ืœ ืืช ืจืงืžื•ืช ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื ืœืงื— ืžืชื•ืš ืฉืง ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ืžืงื™ืฃ ืืช ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื”ืžืชืคืชื—, ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื“ื "ื ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื ื‘ื“ืง ืขืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช. ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ืœืขื•ื‘ืจ "amnio" (ื›ืคื™ ืฉื”ื™ื ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื‘ืคื™ืจื•ื˜) ื”ื™ื ืœื’ืœื•ืช ืื ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื™ืฉ ื”ืคืจืขื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช.

ื”ื”ืœื™ืš ืžืชื‘ืฆืข ืชื—ืช ื”ืจื“ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืฉื‘ื” ื ื•ื–ืœ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžื•ืคืง ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื”ื—ื“ืจืช ื”ืžื—ื˜ ื“ืจืš ืงื™ืจ ื”ืจื—ื ื•ืœื‘ืกื•ืฃ ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืง ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ. ื”ื“ืจื›ื” ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกืื•ื ื“ ืžืฉืžืฉ ืœื—ื™ืœื•ืฅ ื ื•ื–ืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ.

ืœืžืจื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื ื—ืฉื‘ืช ืœืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื‘ื˜ื•ื—ื”, ื–ื”ื• ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืคื•ืœืฉื ื™, ืืฉืจ ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืคื•ื˜ื ืฆื™ืืœื™ ืœืื ื•ืœืขื•ื‘ืจ. ื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื›ืœ ื”ื’ื™ืœืื™ื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ื•ืฉืœื™ืฉ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื•ืืคืฉืจื•ื™ื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ.

ืžื™ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ื›ืœ ืื™ืฉื” ื‘ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืžืขืœ ื’ื™ืœ 35 ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื•, ื›ื™ ื”ื ืขื•ืžื“ื™ื ื‘ืคื ื™ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืžื•ื’ื‘ืจ ืฉืœ ื™ืœื“ ืขื ื”ืคืจืขื” ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ืช. ื”ืจื•ืคื ืขืฉื•ื™ ื’ื ืœื”ืžืœื™ืฅ โ€‹โ€‹ืขืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื• ืื ื™ืฉ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืžื—ืœื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ืื• ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžื™ื ืื• ืื ืจืžื•ืช ืืœืคื fetoprotein ืฉืœืš, ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืกืžืŸ ืžืจื•ื‘ื™ื ืื• ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื”ื ื™ื‘ื• ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื—ืฉื•ื“ื•ืช.

ื›ืžื” ืขื•ืœื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื•?

ืขืœื•ืช ื”ื”ืœื™ืš ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืชืœื•ื™ื” ื‘ืจื•ืคื, ื‘ืžืขื‘ื“ื” ื•ื‘ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื”ืžืชื‘ืฆืขื•ืช. ื”ืขืœื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชื—ื™ืœ ืž RS. 8000 ื•ื”ื•ื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืœื•ืช Rs. 15, 000.

ืžื“ื•ืข ืื ืฉื™ื ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ืื ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ื ื•ืคืœ ืชื—ืช ื”ืงื˜ื’ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื‘ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื’ื‘ื•ื” (ื‘ืฉืœ ืกื™ื‘ื•ื›ื™ื ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ื™ื ืœืžืงืจื”, ืื• ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ื’ื™ืœ ืฉืœืš, ื•ื›ื• '), ืžื•ืžืœืฅ ืœืงื—ืช ืืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ. ื‘ืขืงื‘ื•ืช ืชื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ืฉืชืงื‘ืœ ื›ืชื•ืฆืื” ืžื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื•, ืชื•ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื˜ืขื ื”.

  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžืฉืžืฉืช ืœืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ื›ืœ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ืื• ืขื•ื‘ืจื™ืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ื™ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ื. ืžื‘ื—ืŸ Amnio ืœืชืกืžื•ื ืช ื“ืื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื ื“ื•ื’ืžื” ืฉื›ื–ื•. ื“ื•ื’ืžืื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ื›ื•ืœืœื•ืช:
  • ื˜ืจื™ื–ื•ืžื™ื™ 21
  • ื˜ืจื™ื–ื•ืžื™ื” 13
  • ื˜ืจื™ื–ื•ืžื™ื™ 18
  • ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืกื™ืกื˜ื™ืง ืคื™ื‘ืจื•ื–ื™ืก, ืžื—ืœืช ืชืื™ ื—ืจืžืฉ ืื• ืžื—ืœืช ื˜ื™ื™-ื–ืงืก ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ื’ื ื”ืŸ ืœื”ืชื’ืœื•ืช. ื”ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ืžืฉืžืฉ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืืช ื”ืกื™ื‘ื” ื”ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืช ืœื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื•ืœื ื ืขืจืš ืœื—ืคืฉ ืื•ืชื.
  • ืคื’ืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ ื›ืžื• ืกืคื™ื ื” ื‘ื™ืคื™ื“ื” ื•ืื ืกืคืืœื™ื”, ื ืงื‘ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืขืจื›ืช ื›ืžื•ืช ืืœืคื-ืคื˜ื•ืคืจื•ื˜ื™ืŸ ื‘ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ.
  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœื—ื–ื•ืช ืืช ื‘ื’ืจื•ืช ื”ืจื™ืื” ื‘ืขื•ื‘ืจ. ื‘ื”ืจื™ื•ื ื•ืช ืžืขืœ 30 ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช, ื”ื‘ื’ืจื•ืช ื”ืจื™ืื•ืช ื‘ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื ืงื‘ืขืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื›ืžื•ืช ืฉืœ ืคืขื™ืœื™ ืฉื˜ื— ื‘ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ. ื”ื™ื™ืฆื•ืจ ืฉืœ ืคืขื™ืœื™ ืฉื˜ื— ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืชื•ืื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืกืคืจ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช.
  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืฉืžืฉ ื’ื ืœืื™ืชื•ืจ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ื›ื’ื•ืŸ:
  • ื–ื™ื”ื•ื, ืฉื‘ื• ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืจืžืช ื’ืœื•ืงื•ื– ื™ืจื“, ืžืจืื” ื›ืœ ื—ื™ื™ื“ืงื™ื ืื• ืกืคื™ืจื” ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ืฉืœ ืชืื™ ื“ื ืœื‘ื ื™ื.
  • ื—ื•ืกืจ ืชืื™ืžื•ืช ื–ื” ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื‘ ืžื•ืจื›ื‘ ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ืชืจื—ืฉ ืื ื”ื“ื ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ืกื•ื’ ืฉื•ื ื” ืžื–ื• ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœืš
  • ืฉื—ืจื•ืจ ืœื—ืฅ ืคื•ืœื™ืื”ื™ื“ืจืื ื™ื•ืก

ืœืžืจื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœืขื–ื•ืจ ืœืื‘ื—ืŸ ืืช ื”ืชื ืื™ื ื”ืœืœื•, ื–ื” ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืžื“ื•ื“ ืืช ื—ื•ืžืจืช ืื•ืชื•. ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืื™ื ื• ืžื–ื”ื” ืืช ื›ืœ ื”ืžื•ืžื™ื ื”ืžื•ืœื“ื™ื. ื™ืฉ ืœื–ื›ื•ืจ ื›ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื• ืื™ื ื” ืžืชืื™ืžื” ืœื›ื•ืœื. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื›ื’ื•ืŸ HIV / ืื™ื™ื“ืก, ื”ืคื˜ื™ื˜ื™ืก B ืื• C ืื– ื–ื” ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื™ื›ื•ืœื” ืœื’ืจื•ื ื–ื™ื”ื•ืžื™ื ื™ื•ืขื‘ืจื• ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœืš ื‘ื–ืžืŸ ื”ืœื™ืš ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื”. ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืื‘ื”ื•ืช DNA ื”ื™ื ื”ืœื™ืš ื ืคื•ืฅ ืžืื•ื“.

ืžืชื™ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžืกืคืงืช ืชื•ื‘ื ื•ืช ื•ืžื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ื”ื’ื ื˜ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง. ืœื›ืŸ ื”ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžื•ืฆืขืช ื›ืืฉืจ ืœืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืขืฉื•ื™ื” ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ืฉืคืขื” ืžืฉืžืขื•ืชื™ืช ืขืœ ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืื• ืขืœ ืจืฆื•ื ืš ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื›ืš ืื• ืœื.

ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -15 ื•ื” -20 ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ. ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืฉื ืขืจืš ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -15 ื‘ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื”ื’ื•ืจื ืœืกื™ื‘ื•ื›ื™ื ื‘ืจืžื” ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื”.

ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืฉืงื•ืœ ืืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืื -

  • ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื˜ืจื•ื ืœื™ื“ืชื™ ื™ืฆื ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™
  • ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ื”ืงืจื ื” ื™ืฆืื” ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ืช, ื›ืžื• ื”ื˜ืจื™ืžืกื˜ืจ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืื• ื˜ืจื•ื ืœื™ื“ืชื™ ืชื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช DNA ื—ื™ื ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื—ื™ื•ื‘ื™ื•ืช. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื›ื–ื” ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืชืจืฆื” ืœื‘ื—ื•ืจ ืืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืžืช ืืช ื”ืื‘ื—ื ื”
  • ื™ืฉ ื”ืคืจืขื” ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ืช ืื• ืคื’ื ืฉืœ ื”ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ ืžื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืงื•ื“ื
  • ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืื—ืจื•ืŸ ืฉืœืš ื”ื™ื” ืžื•ืฉืคืข ืชืกืžื•ื ืช ื“ืื•ืŸ ืื• ืคื’ื ื‘ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™, ืฉื”ื•ื ืžืฆื‘ ืจืฆื™ื ื™ ื”ืžืฉืคื™ืข ืขืœ ื”ืžื•ื— ืื• ื—ื•ื˜ ื”ืฉื“ืจื”. ืื– ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ื”ื”ืœื™ืš ื›ื“ื™ ืœืืฉืจ ืืช ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ืืœื”
  • ืืชื” ื‘ืŸ 35 ื•ืžืขืœื”. ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ืฉื ื•ืœื“ื™ื ืœื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื’ื™ืœ 35 ื•ืžืขืœื” ื™ืฉ ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืชืกืžื•ื ืช ื“ืื•ืŸ.
  • ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื‘ืžืฉืคื—ื” ืฉืœืš ืื• ื‘ืŸ ื”ื–ื•ื’ ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื ื ื•ืฉื ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืคืจืขื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช
  • ืžืžืฆืื™ ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกืื•ื ื“ ืฉืœืš ืื™ื ื ื ื•ืจืžืœื™ื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืœื›ืช ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื”ื–ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืฉืœื•ืœ ื›ืœ ืžืฆื‘ ื’ื ื˜ื™ ื”ืงืฉื•ืจื™ื ืœืžืžืฆื ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื—ืจื™ื’ื”.

ื›ื™ืฆื“ ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ ืœืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื”ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื˜ืจื•ื ืœื™ื“ืชื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื—ืœืง ืงื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ื ื•ื–ืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžื•ืกืจ ืžืŸ ื”ืฉืง ืกื‘ื™ื‘ ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืชื—ืช ื”ื“ืจื›ื” ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“. ื”ืจื•ืคื ืฉืœืš ื™ื“ืจื™ืš ืื•ืชืš ืขืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื›ื•ืœื• ื•ืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืฉืื•ืœ ืฉืืœื•ืช ืื ื™ืฉ ืฆื•ืจืš ื‘ื›ืš.

  • ื˜ื•ืคืก ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื—ืชื•ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืœืš ืืฉืจ ื™ื™ืชืŸ ืœืจื•ืคื ืื™ืฉื•ืจ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื”. ื™ืฉ ืœืงืจื•ื ืืช ื”ื˜ื•ืคืก ื‘ืงืคื™ื“ื” ื•ืœื”ื‘ื”ื™ืจ ืื ื ื“ืจืฉ. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืื™ืŸ ืžื’ื‘ืœื•ืช ืžื™ื•ื—ื“ื•ืช ืขืœ ื“ื™ืื˜ื” ืื• ืคืขื™ืœื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ.
  • ื™ื”ื™ื” ืขืœื™ืš ืœื”ื“ื’ื™ืฉ ืืช ื”ื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืœืจื•ืคื -
  • ื›ืœ ืืœืจื’ื™ื•ืช ืœืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืื• ืœื”ืจื“ืžื”.
  • ื”ื“ื’ืฉ ื›ืœ ื”ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช (ืฉื ืงื‘ืขื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื•ืคื ืื• ืžืขืœ ืœื“ืœืคืง) ื•ืืช ืกื•ื’ ืฉืœ ืชื•ืกืคื™ ืฉืืชื” ืœื•ืงื—.
  • ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ื‘ืขื‘ืจ ื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืขืช ื“ื™ืžื•ื ืื• ืื ืืชื” ืœื•ืงื— ื›ืœ ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ื“ืœื™ืœ ื“ื ืื• ื›ืœ ืชืจื•ืคื” ื”ืžืฉืคื™ืขื” ืขืœ ืงืจื™ืฉืช ื”ื“ื. ืชืจื•ืคื•ืช ืืœื” ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื”ื™ื” ืฆื•ืจืš ืœืขืฆื•ืจ ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืœื™ืš ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ.
  • ืกื•ื’ ื”ื“ื ืฉืœืš ื”ื•ื Rh -ve. ื‘ืขื•ื“ ื”ืœื™ืš ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžืชื‘ืฆืข, ืชืื™ ื”ื“ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื•ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืขืจื‘ื‘ ื”ืžื•ื‘ื™ืœ ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช Rh ืœืฉื‘ื•ืจ ืืช ืชืื™ ื”ื“ื ื”ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ.
  • ืจืฆื•ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื–ื• ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ืชื‘ืฆืข ื›ืืฉืจ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืžืœื ื›ืžื• ื”ืจื—ื ื”ื•ื ื‘ืžืฆื‘ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ื”ืœื™ืš, ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื” ืžืชื‘ืฆืข ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืžื•ืงื“ื. ืื ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืžืื•ื—ืจ ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉืœืคื•ื—ื™ืช โ€‹โ€‹ื”ืฉืชืŸ ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืจื™ืง.
  • ืืชื” ืชื™ื“ืจืฉ ืœื‘ืฆืข ื›ืœ ื”ื•ืจืื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช ืฉื”ืจื•ืคื ืฉืœืš ื ื•ืชืŸ ืœืš ืœื”ืชื›ื•ื ืŸ ืœืžื‘ื—ืŸ.

ืžื”ื• ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ืฆืขื“ ืื—ืจ ืฆืขื“ ื”ื”ืœื™ืš, ื›ืš ืฉืืชื” ืœื ืฆืจื™ืš ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ื‘ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื™ื. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื‘ื™ืชื” ืœืื—ืจ ืชืงื•ืคืช ืชืฆืคื™ืช ืงืฆืจื” ื™ื•ื ื—ื• ืœื ื•ื— ื‘ืžืฉืš 24 ื”ืฉืขื•ืช ื”ื‘ืื•ืช.

ื”ืจื•ืคื ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืžื‘ืฆืข ืืช ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกืื•ื ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืืช ืžื™ืงื•ืžื• ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื‘ืจื—ื. ื‘ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ, ืื•ืœื˜ืจืืกืื•ื ื“ ืžืฉืชืžืฉ ื‘ื’ืœื™ ืงื•ืœ ื‘ืชื“ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื›ื“ื™ ืœื™ืฆื•ืจ ืืช ื“ืžื•ืช ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง.

ืคื•ืกื˜ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ืชืจื•ืคื” ืงื”ื•ืช ืžื•ื—ืœ ืขืœ ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ. ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืื•ืœื˜ืจื”-ืกืื•ื ื“ ืขื•ื–ืจื•ืช ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ืœื”ื—ื“ืจืช ืžื—ื˜ ื”ื—ื ื™ื›ื™ื™ื. ื–ื” ืžื•ื›ื ืก ื“ืจืš ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืœืชื•ืš ื”ืจื—ื. ื›ืžื•ืช ืงื˜ื ื” ืฉืœ ื ื•ื–ืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื•ื ื ืกื•ื’. ื–ื” ืœื•ืงื— ื‘ืขืจืš 2 ื“ืงื•ืช.

ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืขืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืฉืœืš ื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš ื›ืžื” ื™ืžื™ื.

ืื™ืš ืžืจื’ื™ืฉ ื”ืžื‘ื—ืŸ?

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืื™ื ื” ื›ื•ืื‘ืช; ืขื ื–ืืช, ืืชื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืœื ื ื•ื— ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื”ืœื™ืš. ื”ื›ืื‘ ืฉื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื“ื•ืžื” ืœื›ืื‘ ื‘ืชืงื•ืคื•ืช. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ื’ื ืœื”ืจื’ื™ืฉ ืœื—ืฅ ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื—ื˜ ื ืœืงื— ื”ื—ื•ืฆื”.

ืžื” ื–ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ?

  • ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื”ื ืคื•ืฆื” ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ืฉื ืขืฉืชื” ื‘ืžื“ื’ื ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ื, ื›ื“ื™ ืœืื‘ื—ืŸ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช.
  • ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืชื— ืืช ื”ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžื™ื ืœื—ืœื•ื˜ื™ืŸ, ืืช ื”ืชืื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ื ื•ื–ืœ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื’ื“ืœ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ.
  • ื”ืชื•ืฆืื” ื”ืกื•ืคื™ืช ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื–ืžื™ืŸ ื‘ืชื•ืš 2 ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื‘ื—ืŸ ื ืขืฉื”.
  • ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื›ื ืก ืœืชื•ืฆืื” ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืžื”ื™ืจื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืžื›ื•ื ื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื“ื’ื™ื ื‘ืชื•ืš 24-48 ืฉืขื•ืช.
  • ืื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžื‘ื•ืฆืขืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื‘ื“ื•ืง ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ืื• ืžืฆื‘ ื’ื ื˜ื™ ืžืกื•ื™ื ื”ืจื•ืคื ืฉืœืš ื™ื•ื›ืœ ืœืกืคืจ ืœืš ื›ืžื” ื–ืžืŸ ื™ื™ืงื— ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช. ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืขื˜ื™ื, ืขืœ ืžื ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื’ืœื™ื ืœืคืจืฉ ืืช ื”ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ ื™ื•ืชืจ, ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ื ืขืœ ื“ื’ื™ืžืช ื“ื ืžื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืื• ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื ื•ืกืคื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืขืฉื•ื™ ื’ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื ื“ืจืฉ. ืจืง 0.1% ืžื”ืžืงืจื™ื, ืชื•ืฆืื” ืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืžืŸ ื”ืžื“ื’ื ื”ืžืชืงื‘ืœ ื•ืืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื—ื•ื–ืจืช ื ื“ืจืฉืช.

ื›ืžื” ืžื“ื•ื™ืง ื”ื•ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ?

ืจืžื•ืช ื”ื“ื™ื•ืง ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช (ื‘ื™ืŸ 98-99%). ืœืžืจื•ืช ืฉื”ื”ืกืชื‘ืจื•ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ื–ื™ื”ื•ื™ ื”ืŸ ื’ื‘ื•ื”ื•ืช ืžืื•ื“, ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืื™ื ื” ืžื•ื“ื“ืช ืืช ื”ืงื™ืฆื•ื ื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžื•ืžื™ื ืžื•ืœื“ื™ื ืืœื”.

ืื ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื”ืŸ ื ื•ืจืžืœื™ื•ืช, ืกื‘ื™ืจ ืœื”ื ื™ื— ืฉืœืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœืš ืื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืื• ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช. ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื”ืจื’ื™ืœื•ืช ื™ืืฉืจื• ื›ื™ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœืš ื™ื™ื•ื•ืœื“ ืœืœื ืชืงืœื•ืช.

ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื—ืจื™ื’ื•ืช ืขืฉื•ื™ื•ืช ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืœื›ืš ืฉืœืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœืš ื™ืฉ ื‘ืขื™ื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช ืื• ืžื•ื ืžื•ืœื“ ื—ืžื•ืจ. ืจืฆื•ื™ ืœื“ื•ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœ ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืขื ื”ืจื•ืคื ืฉืœืš ื•ืืช ื”ืฉื•ืชืฃ, ื›ืš ืฉืชื•ื›ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช ืขืœ ื”ืื ืื• ืœื ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืืช ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ.

ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืขืœ ืืžื ื•ืขื•ื‘ืจ

ื”ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื ื•ืฉื ื’ื ืกื™ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ื›ืžื” ืกื™ื‘ื•ื›ื™ื ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื ื›ื“ืœืงืžืŸ -

  • ื“ืœื™ืคื” ืฉืœ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ : ื™ืฉ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ื ื“ื™ืจ ืฉื”ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ื“ื•ืœืคื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฆื” ื“ืจืš ื”ื ืจืชื™ืง ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ. ื‘ืจื•ื‘ ื”ืžืงืจื™ื, ืื•ื‘ื“ืŸ ื”ื ื•ื–ืœื™ื ื”ื•ื ืคื—ื•ืช ื•ื ืขืฆืจ ื‘ืชื•ืš ืฉื‘ื•ืข, ื•ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืžืžืฉื™ืš ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ.
  • ื”ืคืœื” : ืื ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื‘ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžืชื‘ืฆืขืช ื‘ืฉืœื™ืฉ ื”ืฉื ื™ ืื– ื–ื” ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืฉืืช ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืœื” (ื› -0.6% ืกื™ื›ื•ื™). ืœืคื™ ื”ืžื—ืงืจ, ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืคืœื” ื”ื•ื ื’ื‘ื•ื” ืื ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื ืขืฉื” ืœืคื ื™ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -15 ืฉืœ ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ. ืื—ื•ื– ืžืกื•ื™ื ืฉืœ ื ืฉื™ื ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืœื”ืคื™ืœ ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฉื ื™ ืฉืœื™ืฉ ื”ืฉื ื™ ื‘ื›ืœ ืžืงืจื”. ืขื ื–ืืช, ืื™ืŸ ื“ืจืš ืื™ืฉืจ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืื ื”ืคืœื” ืงืจื” ืขืงื‘ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ.
  • ืคื’ื™ืขื” ื‘ืžื—ื˜: ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉื™ืฉ ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืฉื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื™ื–ื™ื– ื–ืจื•ืข ืื• ืจื’ืœ ื‘ื ืชื™ื‘ ื”ืžื—ื˜.
  • ืจื’ื™ืฉื•ืช ืจื’ืฉื™ืช . ื–ื•ื”ื™ ืืคืฉืจื•ืช ื ื“ื™ืจื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืชืื™ ื”ื“ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื ื›ื ืกื™ื ืœืžื—ื–ื•ืจ ื”ื“ื ืฉืœ ื”ืื. ืื ื™ืฉ ืœืš ืงื‘ื•ืฆืช ื“ื Rh -ve ื•ืืชื” ืœื ืคื™ืชื—ื• ื ื•ื’ื“ื ื™ื ืœ - Rh + ve, ืื– ื”ื–ืจื™ืงื” ืชื™ื ืชืŸ ืœืš ืขื globulin Rh ื”ื—ื™ืกื•ื ื™ืช ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื”ืœื™ืš. ื–ื” ื™ืžื ืข ืžื”ื’ื•ืฃ ืฉืœืš ืœื™ื™ืฆืจ ื›ืœ ื ื•ื’ื“ื ื™ื Rh ืฉื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื’ืจื•ื ื ื–ืง ืœืชืื™ ื”ื“ื ื”ืื“ื•ืžื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง. ื”ืื ื ื•ื’ื“ื ื™ื ื ื•ืฆืจื• ืื• ืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื“ื.
  • ื–ื™ื”ื•ื Uterine : ื–ื™ื”ื•ื ื”ืจื—ื ื”ื•ื ื”ืœื™ืš ื ื“ื™ืจ ืฉืœืื—ืจ ื ื™ืชื•ื— ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ, ืื‘ืœ ื–ื” ืขื•ื–ืจ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ืขืจื ื™ื™ื ืœืืคืฉืจื•ืช.
  • ื”ืขื‘ืจืช ื–ื™ื”ื•ื : ืื ืืชื” ื ื’ื•ืข ื”ืคื˜ื™ื˜ื™ืก B ืื• C ืื• HIV / ืื™ื™ื“ืก ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื•ืขื‘ืจ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืœื™ืš ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ.
  • ื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ืœืื—ืจ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ : ื™ื™ืชื›ืŸ ืฉืชืจื’ื™ืฉ ื”ืชื›ื•ื•ืฆื•ื™ื•ืช ืงืœื•ืช ืœืื—ืจ ื”ื”ืœื™ืš ืฉืœ ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ.

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ืœืขื•ืžืช CVS:

ืงื•ื•ื™ ื“ืžื™ื•ืŸ:

  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื•ื“ื’ื™ืžืช ื”ื•ื™ืœื•ืก ื”ืฆ'ื•ืจื™ื•ื ื™ (CVS) ื”ืŸ ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ื ืื‘ื—ื ืชื™ื™ื ื˜ืจื•ื-ืœื™ื“ืชื™ื™ื ื”ืžืฉืžืฉื™ื ืœืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ / ื’ื™ืœื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื•ื‘ืจ.
  • ืฉื ื™ื”ื ืžื’ื‘ื™ืจื™ื ืืช ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ืœื”ืคืœื”.
  • ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื•ื ื™ืกื•ื™ื™ื ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช CVS ืžื‘ื•ืฆืขื•ืช ื™ืฉื™ืจื•ืช ืขืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง, ื‘ื ื™ื’ื•ื“ ืœื”ื•ืจื™ื, ืžื” ืฉืื•ืžืจ ืฉื”ื™ื“ืข ืขืœ ื‘ืจื™ืื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื”ื•ื ืงื•ื ืงืจื˜ื™ ื™ื•ืชืจ. ื”ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืฉื‘ื•ืฆืขื• ืขืœ ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื™ื›ื•ืœื•ืช ืจืง ืœืกืคืง ืžื™ื“ืข ืžืฉื•ืขืจ ืฉืœ ื”ืื ื”ื™ืœื“ ืขืœื•ืœ ืœืจืฉืช ืžื—ืœื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ื™ืžื•ืช. Amniocentesis ื• CVS ื”ื ืœืžืขืฉื” ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžืขืงื‘ ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืื ืื• ืœื ื™ืœื“ ื™ืจืฉ ื›ืœ ืžื—ืœื” ื’ื ื˜ื™ืช.

ื”ื‘ื“ืœื™ื:

  • ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื‘ืฆืข CVS ื‘ืฉืœื‘ื™ื ืฉื•ื ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื”ื™ืจื™ื•ืŸ, ื‘ืขื•ื“ ืฉื‘ื™ืฆื•ืข ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ืจืง ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -15 ื•ื” -20, ื”- CVS ืžืชื‘ืฆืข ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -12 ืœื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ (ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืฉื‘ื•ืข ื” -10 ื•ื” -14).
  • ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื ืขืฉื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ื—ื“ืจืช ืžื—ื˜ ื‘ืจื—ื ืœืชื•ืš ืฉืง ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืขื ื”ื“ืจื›ื” ืฉืœ ืื•ืœื˜ืจืกืื•ื ื“ ื•ืื™ืœื• CVS ื ืขืฉื” ื’ื ื“ืจืš ื”ื‘ื˜ืŸ ืื• ื“ืจืš ื”ืคืชื— ืฉืœ ื”ืจื—ื, ืฆื•ื•ืืจ ื”ืจื—ื. CVS ืœืžืขืฉื” ืžื•ืฆื™ื ืžื“ื’ื ืงื˜ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืฉืœื™ื”.
  • ืงื™ื™ื ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืฉืœ ื”ืคืœื” ื‘ืฉื™ืขื•ืจ ืฉืœ 0.5-1%, ื‘ื‘ื™"ื— ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื•ืื™ืœื• ืœ- CVS ื™ืฉ ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœื”ืคืœื” ืžืืฉืจ ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ. ื”ืกื™ื›ื•ื™ ืœื”ืคืœื” ื‘- CVS ื ื—ืฉื‘ ื‘ื™ืŸ 1 ืœ -2%.

ื”ื™ืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ืฉืคื™ืจ

  • ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ืžืืฉืจืช ืื ื›ืœ ื—ืจื™ื’ื” ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ืช ืงื™ื™ืžืช ื‘ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืฉืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžื–ื•ื”ื” ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืื—ืจื•ืช, ื›ื’ื•ืŸ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ื“ื.
  • ื”ื•ื ืžืฆื™ืข ืื‘ื—ื ื” ืกืคืฆื™ืคื™ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ืื• ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช ืœืคื ื™ ืœื™ื“ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื™ืœื“. ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงื‘ืœ ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืžื•ืฉื›ืœืช ืื ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืืช ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ.
  • Amniocentesis ืžืกื™ื™ืข ื‘ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ืคื’ืžื™ื ืชื•ืจืฉืชื™ ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื”ืชืื ืœื”ื™ืกื˜ื•ืจื™ื” ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ืช.
  • ื–ื” ืžืืคืฉืจ ื”ื›ื ื” ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช ืœื™ืœื“ ืขื ื›ืœ ืžื•ื ืžื•ืœื“ ืื• ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืžื•ืงื“ืžืช ืขื•ืฉื” ืื ืœื”ืžืฉื™ืš ืืช ื”ื”ืจื™ื•ืŸ ืื• ืœื.

ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืžื™ ื”ืฉืคื™ืจ ื”ื™ื ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืกื™ื™ืขืช ื‘ืื™ืชื•ืจ ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช, ืคื’ืžื™ื ื‘ืฆื™ื ื•ืจ ื”ืขืฆื‘ื™ ื•ื”ืคืจืขื•ืช ื’ื ื˜ื™ื•ืช. ื—ืœืง ืžื”ื ืฉื™ื ื‘ื•ื—ืจื•ืช ื‘ื”ืงืจื ื” ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ืžืงื‘ืœื•ืช ื”ื—ืœื˜ื” ืขืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ. ืื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื•ื—ืจื™ื ื‘ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ื”ืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืžื™ื“ ืžืฉื•ื ืฉื”ื ืขืฉื•ื™ื™ื ืœื“ืขืช ืฉื”ื ื ืžืฆืื™ื ื‘ืกื™ื›ื•ืŸ ื’ื‘ื•ื” ื™ื•ืชืจ ืœืื™-ืชืงื™ื ื•ืช ื›ืจื•ืžื•ื–ื•ืžืœื™ืช ืฉืœื ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื–ื”ื•ืชื” ืขืœ-ื™ื“ื™ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืกืงืจ.

ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ืงื•ื“ื ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ื‘ื

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