ืฉืžื•ืจ ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื”ืžื›ืจื– - ืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื”ื ื•ืœื“ ืฉืœืš ื ื‘ื“ืง ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืจื•ืคื ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื

ืชื•ื›ืŸ:

ืขื™ืŸ ื”ืงืจื ื” / ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ื”ื•ื ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื ื—ื•ื‘ื” ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื•. ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ื™ื•ื“ืขื™ื ืขืœ ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ืขื ื”ื—ื–ื•ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœื”ื ืจืง ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ื ืขืฆืžื ืจื•ืื™ื ืขื™ื•ื•ืชื™ื ื’ืœื•ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื. ืขื™ื›ื•ื‘ ื–ื” ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืื•ืžืจ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืžืื‘ื“ ืงืฆืช ืจืื™ื™ื” ืื• ื™ืฉ ืจืื™ื” ื‘ื›ืœืœ.

ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฉื ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ื”ืžื›ืจื™ืขื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง, ื”ืžื•ื— ืฆืจื™ืš ืœืขื‘ื“ ืžื™ื“ืข ื—ื–ื•ืชื™ ื‘ื‘ื™ืจื•ืจ. ืื ื”ืื•ืชื•ืช ื”ื ื›ื•ื ื™ื ืื™ื ื ืžื’ื™ืขื™ื ืœืžื•ื— ื“ืจืš ื”ืขื™ืŸ, ื”ืžื•ื— ืขืœื•ืœ ืœื”ืคืกื™ืง ืœืคืจืฉ ืื•ืชื•ืช ืืœื”. ื–ื” ืžื” ืฉื ืงืจื ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื–ืžืŸ, ืกื•ื’ ื–ื” ืฉืœ ืขื™ื•ื•ืจื•ืŸ ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืžื ื•ืข ืื ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ื ื‘ื“ืงื™ื ืžื•ืงื“ื. ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ, ืœืจื•ืคืื™ื ืื™ืŸ ื›ืœ ื™ื“ืข ืื• ืฆื™ื•ื“ ื›ื“ื™ ืœื–ื”ื•ืช ืืช ื”ืื ื•ืžืœื™ื•ืช ื”ืืœื”. ืœืคื™ื›ืš, ื‘ืื—ืจื™ื•ืชื• ืฉืœ ื”ื•ืจื” ืœื ืงื•ื˜ ืืช ื”ืฆืขื“ ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ ืœืงืจืืช ืจื•ืคื ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื‘ืขืฆืžื. (ืขื“ ืชืงื ื•ืŸ ื”ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื•ืงื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžืฉืจื“ ื”ื™ืช ื•ื”ืจื•ื•ื—ื” ื”ืžืฉืคื—ืชื™ืช ื•ืžื—ืœืงื•ืช ื”ืžื“ื™ื ื”, ืžื” ืฉื”ื•ืคืš ืื•ืชื• ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื›ืœ ื‘ืชื™ ื”ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช ืžืฉืœื•ื—).

ื‘ืœื•ื’ ื–ื” ืžื‘ื•ืกืก ืขืœ ื”ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ืฉืœื™ ืฉื‘ื• ื”ื‘ืช ืฉืœื™ ื ื•ืœื“ ืื•ื‘ื—ืŸ ืขื "ืงื˜ืจืงื˜ ืžื•ืœื“" ื›ืœื•ืžืจ ืงื˜ืจืงื˜ ืžืื– ื”ืœื™ื“ื”. ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงืจื•ืช ื‘ื’ืœืœ ืžืกืคืจ ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช (ืจื•ื‘ื ืœื ื‘ืฉืœื™ื˜ืชื ื•). ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืงืจื•ืช ืœื›ืœ ืื—ื“. ืจืื™ื ื• ื›ื™ ื‘ืชื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ืฆืคื•ืŸ ื”ื•ื“ื• ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืื‘ื—ื ื” ืžืœืื” ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืขื‘ื•ืจ ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื. ื‘ืขื™ืงืจ ื–ื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื›ื™ ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืขืฆืžื ืื™ื ื ืžื•ื“ืขื™ื ืœื“ื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื–ืงื•ืงื™ื ืœืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ืžื•ืงื“ื ืขืฉื•ื™ ืœื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื›ื™ ื‘ืชื™ ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ื‘ื“ื™ืงื•ืช ืžื™ื•ืชืจื•ืช ื›ื“ื™ ืœื ืฉื•ื ื›ืกืฃ.

ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืกื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืœืœื• ื‘ืขื™ื•ืช ื›ืžื• ืงื˜ืจืงื˜ ืžื•ืœื“ ืœืขืชื™ื ืงืจื•ื‘ื•ืช ื ืขืœืžื• ืžืขื™ื ื™ื•. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœื ื•, ืžื”ื”ืชื—ืœื” ืขืฆืžื”, ืขืœื” ืขืœ ื“ืขืชื™ ืฉื›ืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ืื‘ืจื™ื ื”ื—ื•ืฉืชื™ื™ื ืฆืจื™ื›ื” ืœื”ื™ืขืฉื•ืช ืœืžืขืŸ ื™ืœื“ื™. ืื‘ืœ ื–ืžืŸ ืงืฆืจ ืœืื—ืจ ื”ืœื™ื“ื”, ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ื›ื–ื• ืœื ื ืขืฉืชื”. ืื—ืจื™ ื›ืžื” ืฉื‘ื•ืขื•ืช, ืฉืืœื ื• ืจื•ืคื ื”ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืฉืœื ื• ืื ื”ื›ืœ ื‘ืกื“ืจ ืขื ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง (ืจืื™ื™ื” ื•ืฉืžื™ืขื”) ื•ื”ื•ื ืืžืจ ื›ืŸ. ื›ืฉืฉืืœื ื• ืื ืื ื—ื ื• ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืงื‘ืœ ื‘ื“ื™ืงืช ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื ื›ื•ื ื”, ื”ื•ื ืืžืจ, ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœืขืฉื•ืช ืืช ื–ื” ื‘ื›ืœ ืขืช ืื—ืจื™ ืฉื”ื™ื ื‘ืช ื—ื•ื“ืฉ. ืื– ื—ื™ื›ื™ื ื• ื—ื•ื“ืฉ ื•ืื– ื”ืœื›ื ื• ืœื‘ื™ืช ื”ื—ื•ืœื™ื ืขื™ืŸ ืœื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืจื’ื™ืœื”. ื•ืื– ืืžืจื• ืœื ื• ืื•ืคืชืœืžื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื ืฉืœืชื™ื ื•ืงืช ืฉืœื ื• ื™ืฉ ืงื˜ืจืงื˜ ืžื•ืœื“. ืฉืืœื• ืื•ืชื ื• ื‘ืกืงืจื ื•ืช, ืื™ืš ื™ื“ืขื ื• ืฉืžืฉื”ื• ืœื ื‘ืกื“ืจ (ื›ื™ื•ื•ืŸ ืฉืฉื•ื ื“ื‘ืจ ืœื ื ืจืื” ืœืขื™ืŸ ื”ืœื ืžืื•ืžื ืช). ื•ืื– ืืžืจื ื• ืœื”ื ืฉื–ื• ืจืง ื‘ื“ื™ืงื” ืฉื’ืจืชื™ืช ืฉืœ ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ืจื•ืฆื™ื.

ืขืฉื™ื ื• ืžื—ืงืจ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœื ื•, ืฉืืœ ื‘ื ื™ ืžืฉืคื—ื” ื•ื—ื‘ืจื™ื ื‘ืจื—ื‘ื™ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื›ื“ื™ ืœื“ืขืช ืžื”ื• ื”ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืืคืฉืจื™. ื•ื”ื’ืขื ื• ืœื“ืขืช ืฉื”ื ื™ืชื•ื— ื”ื•ื ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ืœื”ืกื™ืจ ืืช ื”ืงื˜ืจืงื˜, ื›ืคื™ ืฉื ืขืฉื” ื‘ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ื ื™ืชื•ื— ื—ื•ืจ ื”ืžื ืขื•ืœ. ื”ืชื—ืœื ื• shortlisting ื—ื•ืœื™ื ื‘ื”ื•ื“ื• ื•ื‘ื—ืจื” ืื—ื“. ื›ืฉื”ื’ืขื ื• ืœืฉื, ืคื’ืฉื ื• ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืจื‘ื™ื ืฉืœ ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ื•ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืขื ืื•ืชื• ืžืฆื‘. ื–ื” ื”ื™ื” ืื– ื”ื‘ื ื• ื›ืžื” ืžื–ืœ ืฉืื ื—ื ื• ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืืช ื”ืื‘ื—ื ื” ื ืขืฉื” ื›ืœ ื›ืš ืžื•ืงื“ื. ืจื•ื‘ ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ื”ืื—ืจื™ื ื”ื‘ื™ื ื• ื–ืืช ืจืง ืœืื—ืจ ืฉืจืื• ื˜ืœืื™ื ืžืขื•ื ื ื™ื ืื• ืœื‘ื ื™ื ืขืœ ืขื™ื ื™ ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืชื™ื”ื.

ื”ื‘ื™ื•ืœื•ื’ื™ื” ืฉื ื–ื›ืจืช ื›ืืŸ ื”ื™ื ื“ื™ ืคืฉื•ื˜ื” -
ื”ืฉื ื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื” ืฉืœ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื•ื ื™ ืžืื•ื“ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืคื™ืชื•ื— ืฉืœื•. ื”ืžื•ื— ืฉืœื”ื ืœื•ืžื“ ืœืขื‘ื“ ืžื™ื“ืข ืฉื•ื ื” ืžืŸ ื”ืขื•ืœื ื”ื—ื™ืฆื•ื ื™ (ื›ื•ืœืœ ืžืจืื”, ืฆืœื™ืœ, ืžื’ืข, ื˜ืขื ื•ื›ื• '). ืื ืžื™ื“ืข ื–ื” ืื™ื ื• ืžืชืงื‘ืœ ื›ืจืื•ื™, ื”ืžื•ื— ืžืกื™ื˜ ืืช ืชืฉื•ืžืช ืœื‘ื• ืœื—ื•ืฉื™ื ืื—ืจื™ื ื•ืžืคืกื™ืง ืœืคืจืฉ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืžื”ืื™ื‘ืจ ื”ืกื ืกื•ืจื™ ืฉืื™ื ื• ืžืชืื™ื ื›ืจืื•ื™.

ื‘ืžืงืจื” ืฉืœ ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื - ื–ื” ื›ืืฉืจ ืชื™ื ื•ืง ื”ื•ืคืš ืขื™ื•ื•ืจ (ื›ืืฉืจ ื”ืžื•ื— ืžืคืกื™ืง ืœืคืจืฉ ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื›ื™ ื”ืจืื™ื™ื” ื—ืกื•ื ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืขื ื ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ื”ื˜ื‘ืขื™ืช ื‘ืขื™ืŸ ืฉื ืงืจื ืงื˜ืจืงื˜).
ื”ืกืจืช ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืงื˜ืจืงื˜ ืžื•ืฉืคืข ื”ื•ื ื”ื“ืจืš ื”ื™ื—ื™ื“ื” ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืงื•ืช ืืช ื”ืจืื™ื™ื”. ื•ื‘ืžืงื•ื ื”ืขื“ืฉื” ืžื•ืฉืคืขืช, ืขื“ืฉื” ืžืœืื›ื•ืชื™ืช ื—ื“ืฉื” ืžื•ืฉืชืœืช (ื”ื ืงืจืืช IOL - Intra Ocular Lens).
ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื–ื” ืœื•ืงื— ื‘ื“ืจืš ื›ืœืœ ืจืง ื›ืžื” ื“ืงื•ืช ืชื—ืช ื”ืจื“ืžื” ื›ืœืœื™ืช ืœืชื™ื ื•ืง. (ื•ื”ืจื“ืžื” ืžืงื•ืžื™ืช ืœืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื).

ืฉืœื ื›ืžื• ืžื‘ื•ื’ืจื™ื ืฉื™ืฉ ืœื”ื ืžืขื˜ ืžืื•ื“ ืกื™ื‘ื•ื›ื™ื, ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ืžืชืงืฉื™ื. ื›ืžื• ื’ืœื’ืœื™ ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ืื™ื ื ืžืคื•ืชื—ื™ื ื‘ืžืœื•ืื ืขื“ ื’ื™ืœ 2 ืื• 5 ื‘ืžืงืจื™ื ืžืกื•ื™ืžื™ื. ืื– ื˜ื™ืคื•ืœ ื ื•ืกืฃ ื ื“ืจืฉ. ืœืคืขืžื™ื ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืชืช ืืช ื”ืฉืชืœ IOL ื‘ื’ืœืœ ื”ืขื™ืŸ ืฉืœื”ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืงื˜ืŸ. ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื–ื”, ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ืฆืจื™ื›ื™ื ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ืžืกื•ืคืงื™ื ืขื ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืžื’ืข ืžืฉืงืคื™ื™ื. ื–ื” ืื•ืœื™ ื ืจืื” ืžื•ื–ืจ ื‘ืžืงืจื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ืŸ. ืื™ืš ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืœื‘ื•ืฉ ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ืžื’ืข? ืื‘ืœ ื›ืŸ, ื”ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื. ื”ื”ื•ืจื™ื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ื”ื“ืจื›ื” ืžืงื™ืคื” ืขืœ ืื™ืš ืœืฉื™ื ื•ืœืงื—ืช ืื•ืชื ืžืŸ ื”ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืฉืœื”ื ื™ืœื“ื™ื ืžื“ื™ ื™ื•ื. ื›ืŸ, ื–ื” ื ื›ื•ืŸ -'ื™ื•ืžื™ื•ืžื™'. (ืขื“ IOL ืžื•ืฉืชืœ).

ืื– ืื ื—ื ื• ื‘ืฉืœื‘ ื–ื” ืฉื‘ื• ืื ื—ื ื• ืžื—ื›ื™ื ืขื“ืฉื•ืช ื”ืžื’ืข ืฉืœ ื”ื‘ื ื•ืช ืฉืœื ื• ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื›ื™ ื”ื•ื ื ื‘ื ื” ืœืกื“ืจ.

ื”ืงื•ืจืื™ื, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ืืชื” ื™ื›ื•ืœ ืœื”ื‘ื™ืŸ ืขื“ ื›ืžื” ื—ืฉื•ื‘ ื›ื“ื™ ืœืงื‘ืœ ืจืื™ื™ื” ื ื‘ื“ืง ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืงื•ืช ืฉืœืš.

ืื– ื”ื‘ืงืฉื” ื”ืฆื ื•ืขื” ืฉืœื™ ืžืชืขื•ืจืจืช ื•ืœืงื‘ื•ืข ืคื’ื™ืฉื” ืขื ืจื•ืคื ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ืœื™ืœื“ื™ื ืื• ืจื•ืคื ืขื™ื ื™ื™ื ื›ืœืœื™ ืขื‘ื•ืจ ื”ืชื™ื ื•ืง ืฉืœืš. ื›ื™ ื”ื ืœื ื™ื›ื•ืœื™ื ืœืกืคืจ ืœืš ืื™ืš ื”ื ืจื•ืื™ื.

ืชื•ื“ื”, ืื ืืชื” ืงื•ืจื ืขื“ ื›ืืŸ.
ืื ื™ ื™ืžืฉื™ืš ืœืคืจืกื ืžื™ื“ืข ื ื•ืกืฃ ืขืœ ื–ื”.

ื›ืชื‘ ื•ื™ืชื•ืจ: ื”ื“ืขื•ืช, ื”ื“ืขื•ืช ื•ื”ืขืžื“ื•ืช (ื›ื•ืœืœ ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื‘ื›ืœ ืฆื•ืจื” ืฉื”ื™ื) ื”ืžื‘ื•ื˜ืื•ืช ื‘ืชืคืงื™ื“ ื–ื” ื”ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื—ื‘ืจ ื‘ืœื‘ื“. ื”ื“ื™ื•ืง, ื”ืฉืœืžื•ืช ื•ื”ืชื•ืงืฃ ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื”ื”ืฆื”ืจื•ืช ื”ืžื•ืคื™ืขื•ืช ื‘ืžืืžืจ ื–ื” ืื™ื ืŸ ืžื•ื‘ื˜ื—ื•ืช. ืื ื• ืœื ืžืงื‘ืœื™ื ืฉื•ื ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ื‘ื’ื™ืŸ ื˜ืขื•ื™ื•ืช, ื”ืฉืžื˜ื•ืช ืื• ืžืฆื’ื™ื. ื”ืื—ืจื™ื•ืช ืขืœ ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ื”ืงื ื™ื™ืŸ ื”ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ืฉืœ ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื–ื” ืžื•ื˜ืœืช ืขืœ ื”ืžื—ื‘ืจ ื•ื›ืœ ื—ื‘ื•ืช ื”ื ื•ื’ืขืช ืœื”ืคืจืช ื–ื›ื•ื™ื•ืช ืงื ื™ื™ืŸ ืจื•ื—ื ื™ ื ื•ืชืจืช ืขืžื”.

ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ืงื•ื“ื ืœืžืืžืจ ื”ื‘ื

ืืžื”ื•ืช ื”ืžืœืฆื•ืช